Welcome to Indiana Cannabis Industries Association (INCIA).
INCIA is formed to provide a working association between Industry and Consumers to best benefit us ALL.
We represent you!
Cannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. As now circumscribed, the family includes about 170 species grouped in about 11 genera, including Cannabis, Humulus and Celtis. Celtis is by far the largest genus, containing about 100 species.
Cannabis sativa is an annual herbaceous plant in the Cannabis genus, a species of the Cannabaceae family.
The Cannabis genus was first classified using the “modern” system of taxonomic nomenclature by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, who devised the system still in use for the naming of species. He considered the genus to be monotypic, having just a single species that he named Cannabis sativa L. (L. stands for Linnaeus, and indicates the authority who first named the species). Linnaeus was familiar with European hemp, which was widely cultivated at the time.
Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who formalised the modern system of naming organisms called binomial nomenclature.
Cannabis was consumed as food 6,000 B.C. in China, and provided Clothing, Food, Fuel, Medicine, Recreation, and Shelter until some time into the Ottoman Era 600-900 A.D. It seems with the fall of the Carlovingians (911 A.D.), came the demise of Cannabis as a WHOLE PLANT, and the rise of the Limited Use as Hemp for cordage for ropes, canvass for sails, and resin for tars to seal their sailing vessel construction water-tight due to the hydrophobic nature of the plant’s oils.
This publication in Latin of 1543 references De Cannabe as “duplex” then goes on to describe multiple uses as fabric, cordage and medicinal. Sativa is mentioned.
Canabis/Hempe was the primary name for the plant as the Hapsburg Dynasty stepped out of the limelight to rule their 30 or so Kingdoms (Countries) including the former Roman Empire, now the Vatican.
It was not until the integration of the Christopher Columbus story into American History the slang term “mariguana” emerged. A dispute over Columbus’ Landfall includes the Iguanas Islands in the Bahamas, named “Mariguana” in the debate written of in Washington Irvings’ 1828 “A history of the life and voyages of Christopher Columbus”.
One of our earliest mentions of the present day slang term: “mariguana” comes to us from the Chichimec Indians of Central Mexico of whom Hubert Howe Bancroft wrote about in his, “The Native Races of the Pacific States of North America: Wild Tribes”.
The Pope adopted the Latin; Canabis or the Italian Canapa while the Germanic-speaking maintained the term Hempe. Hanff is the term in Germany today. Canapa is the Italian word today.
In 1785, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published a description of a second species of Cannabis, which he named Cannabis indica. Lamarck based his description of the newly named species on plant specimens collected in India.
“canape indiana” Is Italian for Cannabis Indica and we can only assume Indiana was awash with Cannabis when first discovered, rather than: “Indian Land” as historical lore tell us. “canapa indiano” is the male variety of the plant.
Cannabis remained invaluable into the mid-1800s as a source of military might via Sailing might from cordage, sails and tarrow. In 1843, Hemp processing patents ushered in a new era making Cannabis 6X as productive as Cotton. Hemp as a crop was all but wiped out shortly thereafter by the Flax Dodder virus. It was remarked at the time the Hemp Seed was suspected of Sabotage. As Blacks were uniformly employed to process Hemp breaking due to White Man’s disdain for this dirty work, the demise of the Cannabis (hemp) crop spelled the demise of opportunity in 1800s America. With the Dem-Reps returning to the Political scene after nearly two decades of absence from the White House, ALL of this made for certain turmoil. President Lincoln added to this with his Emancipation Proclamation, and the Civil War became a “thing” of reality.
Hemp Plastic was patented in 1863 by Celluloid Manufacturing Company early dentures were fabricated from the material.
Dr. Merck introduced Cannabin Tannate, a compound for Medicinal Use around this same time. More importantly, Cannabis Fructus (fruit) called Achene were being used by Druggist to “colorize” their drug preparations. Druggists noticed that Green Preparations sold much better than their other concoctions. As a result, along with the Green Color from Chlorophyll it seems the Druggists were also extracting Medicinal Benefits from Edestin and Albumin Proteins, along with Cannabisin A-G from the inside the Hull of the Achene.
As the turn of he Century approached, a new generation explored Cannabis. Eli Lilly & Company – Botanist, Fred A. Miller studied Medicinal Hemp in coordination with the U.S.D.A. Experiment Station located at Purdue University in West Lafayette, IN. A processing plant was established in the area. Eli Lilly, Jr presented his Doctoral Thesis: “A comparative study of the physiological differences of some variety of Cannabis Sativa” in 1907. Eli Lilly & Company established Lilly Botanical Farms in Greenfield, IN to grow Cannabis along with additional plants of Medicinal Value. Cannabis was studied extensively for Five (5) Years by Eli Lilly & Company from 1910-1915.
Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research became involved with Cannabis/Hemp research and began funding much of it globally. Medical Schools were Militarized in the 1920s, and Cannabis research was curtailed in the United States. Harry J. Anslinger, Jr was named first head of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, the predecessor to the modern day DEA. Anslinger is the father of the Reefer Madness campaign, and remained the head of the organization for nearly 30 years until the Presidency of John F. Kennedy.
Global research continued, and Josef Sirak and fellow researchers in Czechloslovakia utilized Cannabis/Hemp for numerous Medicinal Uses due to lack of Pharmaceutical availability. We see this research is complimentary to the research by Loeb etc in the U.S. regarding RAW consumption of the plant and Medicinal Benefits from these Nutritional sources rather than intentional Medicinal Use. Much of this is due to the use of Cannabis for Veterinary Medicine. With Anslinger on the war path, a Tax was implemented to drive most out of the Cannabis farming business. For a brief time, the U.S. Government campaigned for cultivation with their “Hemp for Victory” video. In the 1960s Cannabis was associated with the counter-culture movement and Government / Authority demonized the plant. Against the advice of his counsel, Richard Nixon signed Prohibition of Cannabis into Law with Scheduling of the Plant under the highest means of Government Control: Schedule of Controlled Substances, Schedule I.
After over 45 years of Prohibition, the resourceful Cannabaceae plant is finally returning to its rightful place in Society. This plant provides us with Humulus, better known as Hops, and comes from the same family as the Rose. In fact, much like the Rose has its place in Romance, it has been a tradition in the past to sow Hemp Seed on Halloween in order to return good favor in Marriage.
With Governor Holcomb signing the recent “Medical Cannabis” legislation it is certainly beyond time to bury the SLANG TERM(s): “mariguana”, “marihuana”, “marijuana”.
Sources and Additional Information coming soon. Keep an eye on this ever expanding History of Cannabis as it is updated regularly with new information.